park includes a complex eco-system with outstanding landscapes.
The five inter-linked ecosystems in the park are: a marine
system characterised by the warm Indian Ocean, containing
the southernmost coral reefs in Africa, as well as sub-marine
canyons and long sandy beaches; a coastal dune system consisting
of high linear dunes and sub-tropical forests, grassy plains
and wetlands; lake systems including two estuary-linked
lakes of St Lucia and Kosi, plus the four large freshwater
lakes of Sibaya, Ngobezeleni, Bhangazi north and Bhangazi
south; the Mkhuze and Umfolozi swamps, with swamp forests
and extensive reeds and papyrus marshes; an inland system
which includes ancient shoreline terraces and dry savannah
A substantial game reintroduction program is in progress
bringing in black rhino,
and other antelopes.
There are a number of endemic fish species in the lakes
and the Indian Ocean is a water wonderland with whales and
dolphins, turtles and colourful tropical fish on the coral
The Greater St Lucia area is renowned for its prolific
birdlife including flamingoes, pelicans, herons, ducks,
geese, storks and numerous resident and migrant birds.