between territorial bulls and other bulls are extremely friendly,
as long as the other bulls are subordinate. A single young
is born, in shallow water, and is capable of going into deep
water within a few minutes of being born. Calves may be preyed
upon by crocodiles, which do not take adult hippos; young
hippos are also vulnerable to predation by lions and hyaenas.
The Hippopotamus is characterised by its huge
size, short, barrel-shaped body, smooth, naked skin and short,
stout legs. Their heads are broad and heavy, with their eyes
and nostrils mounted on top: when the head is partially submerged,
in the resting position, their eyes and ears are above the
water. Their mouths are wide and very large, the jaws armed
with curved, tusk-like canines and incisor teeth: despite
their comical shape and benign look their jaws and teeth have
been known to snap a man in half. Enraged bulls and cows with
calves sometimes storm boats, so it is best to stay well clear
of them at all times.
Their name is derived from the Greek for 'water or river horse'.
As they are amphibious (they require both land and water),
they are confined to adequate aquatic habitats, and so have
a patchy distribution, although they are great wanderers,
and have been known to cross fairly large expanses of land.
They spend much of the daytime in water, where mating and
calving take place. Hippos spread their dung out by rotating